pixel

Yorkshire terrier

Is in top ten most popular dog breeds in the world. It is a miniature and affectionate pet that needs much attention from people.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Aggression
Noise
Weight
Weight:
female: 3 kg
male: 3 kg
Height
Height:
female: 18 cm
male: 20 cm
Hair
Hair:
long
Care
Care:
require average time
Lives
Lives:
inside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
3—4 puppy
Origin
Origin:
United Kingdom
in 1874
Life span
Life span:
13—15 years

Personality

Yorkshire Terriers are curious and active dogs. They are interested in everything that happens around. These dogs do not like sitting in one place. They will be running around the house, chasing a ball or a toy. Terriers like doing whatever they want. While walking, they will be investigating everything around, come to strangers and other animals. Despite being small in size, Yorkshire Terriers are self-confident. They are not afraid of anything and can bravely protect their owners. 

Terriers are very affectionate. They get very attached to people and cannot be left in loneliness. It is important for these pets to get attention and care. They can follow the owner all day long, participating in family activities. Terriers feel mood of people and can support them in harsh moments. These dogs choose one member of the family they are most loyal to. Meanwhile, they remain affectionate and sociable towards other people and even strangers.

These pets get on well with other animals. They are safe for children. The dog itself should be protected from the kid, so that it does not get hurt during games.

Training

Yorkshire Terriers are temperamental pets. They need to be trained. Even though these dogs are very active, they are also smart. They should be trained gradually. The process needs to be short, so that the dog does not get bored. It is enough for Yorkshire Terrier to know some basic commands like «no», «sit down», «lay down», «give a paw», «come here». Pets need to be praised and given treats for completing commands. It will accelerate the learning process.

If a Yorkshire Terrier is making a mess and you notice it — you have to explain the dog in a strict way that such things cannot be done. These dogs understand the «no» command very well. It is not recommended to shout at the pet after it does something bad. The Terrier might not understand why it is being shouted at.

Yorkies are brave dogs. They are not afraid of noise: even a vacuum cleaner. Feel free to welcome guests. And on the street - they do everything to attract attention. Even when encountering a large breed, the Yorkshire Terrier will bark at it to show its boldness.

Yorkshire terriers need to be walked in quiet places. They are afraid of cars. It is recommended that you take your pet for a walk when it is light to keep an eye on the pet. After all, Yorkies love to bark at dogs, and if it is a large breed, the pet may suffer. Therefore, the Yorkshire Terrier should always be in sight.

Appearance

Yorkshire Terrier is one of the smallest dog breeds. They do not weight more than 3,2 kg. Their body is short and muscular, the back is straight.
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Long and thin. There is no undercoat. It feels soft and silky. Its structure reminds the one of people`s hair. 
Black-brown, dark steel blue. Before the dog turns 5 months old, the black color becomes darker, and the brown one — lighter. 
Small and flat.
Of medium size, shiny and expressive. They are always of dark color.
Small, pointy, triangular in shape. They are covered by short, brown hair.
Long and thin. It is proportional to body length. 
Straight, covered with brown hair.
Long and thin. It is covered with blue hair. It can be docked.

Basic Care

Despite being small in size, Yorkshire Terriers need much time to be groomed. Their hair shouldm,l;be paid the most attention to. It needs to be cut from time to time. You can either do that yourself, or take the dog to a groomer once in three months. Those owners who take their dogs to shows usually keep their hair long. However, it is harder to be groomed. A long-haired Terrier needs to be brushed three times a day and washed once a week. A shot-haired dog should be brushed one time a day and given a bath once in two weeks.

Before giving your Terrier a bath, it needs to be brushed. Water temperature has to be 35°С. Use a special hypoallergenic shampoo and a balm for washing the pet. Then wipe it with a towel. The Terrier needs to dry out itself. Then, it should be brushed again, and oil has to be put on its hair. Eyes of Yorkshire Terriers need to be cleaned daily with cotton swabs. Clean their ears with cotton swabs when needed. Their teeth need much attention. They should=[ be brushed once a week with a special brush and a paste. If this procedure is not done, tartar might develop. Claws of these dogs should be trimmed 2–3 times a month. You can either trim them yourself after giving your pet a bath, or take the dog to a groomer. 

Yorkshire Terriers can be fed with either high quality feed or natural food. The feed can be either dry or canned. Good dry feeds contain vitamins and minerals needed for your dog`s health. Such natural ingredients can be fed to the dog: boiled not greasy meat — chicken or beef; grains — buckwheat or rice; vegetables — either raw or boiled. How often the dog should be fed depends on its age. Before the pet turns 6 months old — feed it 4 times a day; before it turns 1 year old — 3 times a day; after 1 year of age — 2 times a day. Serving size is divided on the weight: a tablespoon of dry or natural food should correspond to 500g of dog`s body weight.

Yorkshire Terriers need street walks for comfortable life. Even though they can be trained to use a trey, physical exercises and fresh air make their health stronger. A puppy should be taken outside for 10 minutes once a day, an adult dog — for 30 minutes two times a day. Yorkshire Terriers are sensitive to cold weather. That is why they need to be dressed in jumpsuits.

Health and Illnesses

Yorkshire Terriers can live up to 15 years if treated well. Some of them — up to 20 years. This is a breed of long-livers. However, these dogs are prone to some hereditary health issues.

Hypoglycemia might develop when the dog is 4 months old. It is a blood disease that decreases the amount of sugar in it. It appears because of lack of glucose in the body. Symptoms include sleepiness, fatigue and low body temperature. If you notice one of them — you should consult a vet. If the dog is not cured, it might fall into a coma.

Neurodermatitis is a chronic skin disorder. It starts itching, inflaming and drying out. Because of the disease, the Terrier licks itself very often and it loses hair. 

Perthes disease affects the hip bone and joint. Blood stops coming to the head of femur, and, because of that, the articular cartilage starts being destroyed. The disease is mostly common among puppies.

Ataxia is a hereditary health problem that makes dog`s muscles weaker. There is no effective cure for the disease now.

It is important to control the weight of Yorkshire Terriers. Pets that weight less than 2 kg have a weak immune system. They live for 7–9 years. If a dog weighs more than 4 kg, you have to change its diet. Extra weight makes it harder for heart, liver and joints to function.

History of the Breed

Modern Yorkshire Terriers originated from Scottish Terriers. Working Scottish people brought them to England after the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century. Pets became popular in northers states — Yorkshire and Lancashire. It is not known for sure which dogs were ancestors of this breed. Some people assume that they were Clydesdale, Paisley and Skye Terriers. Others believe that Waterside Terriers were their ancestors. These dogs were popular among working peasants, who used them for hunting foxes, badgers and decorative animals.

People working as weavers started developing the breed. Terriers they bred had long hair of steel blue color and weighed 6–7 kg. The new breed was called «Blue Silky-Haired Yorkshire Terrier».

In 1861, they participated in a dog show for the first time. In 1874, the breed was officially called the Yorkshire Terrier. In 1886, they were accepted by the Kennel Club and added to its studbook. Ten years later, the first club of Yorkshire Terrier lovers was established, and in 1898 the official standard of the breed was developed. It is used nowadays.