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Welsh-corgi pembroke

A favourite breed of the Queen of Great Britain. It is a friendly and cheerful dog with a well-developed intelligence.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Aggression
Noise
Weight
Weight:
female: 10—11 kg
male: 11—13 kg
Height
Height:
female: 25—30 cm
male: 27—31 cm
Hair
Hair:
smooth
Care
Care:
requires little time
Lives
Lives:
inside
outside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
3—8 puppies
Origin
Origin:
United Kingdom
in 1920
Life span
Life span:
12—15 years

Personality

Welsh Corgi are loyal dogs. They have been living with and helping people for centuries. These pets are used to working in a team. You should not leave Corgi dogs alone. It is important for them to be the center of attention and to participate in all family activities. They will not calmly lay on the couch. Despite having short legs, Welsh Corgi are very active. They show their emotions and worries by loud barking. This breed is not for people looking for a calm dog.

Welsh Corgi are positive and cheerful dogs. They understand people very well and can make them happy with only one glance. If a person is in a bad mood — a Welsh Corgi will definitely change it: the pet will sit close by, touch the owner with its paw or nose, and it will try to sit on person`s knees. However, these dogs know how not to be intrusive. They understand when the owner is busy and will calmly wait for him to finish everything.

Welsh Corgi are very friendly dogs. They get on well with other pets and are nice to strangers. Showing aggression is not about this breed. These dogs especially love children. Playing with and taking care of the kid are their favourite things to do. Many people call these dogs «babysitters». Welsh Corgi will never bite the child, even if he accidentally hurts the pet.

Training

Welsh Corgi are smart pets. There are no exact methods for their training. They easily accept rules that are set in the house. The most important thing is to get on well with the dog. However, when the puppy is small and does not understand everything, it is better to hide shoes and wires from the floor and put carpets away. You should not forget about dog`s socialization. The earlier the pet gets used to the world outside — the better it is.

It is better to train the dog while playing with it. The most important thing is not to shout at the pet. Corgi are very sensitive to aggression. Bad attitude damages their psyche. Patience and love are the most important factors in training a Welsh Corgi.

It is better to start teaching the dog basic commands like «sit down», «come here», «no», «stay close», «go to your place» from the young age. The pet needs to be praised for completing a command. Welsh Corgi like to eat. A treat is the best prize and motivation for them. These dogs like bringing things that were thrown for them, especially toys. While holding the pet by a collar, throw the thing and say «bring it» to your Welsh Corgi. The pet will complete the command with pleasure.

Teaching the dog more complicated commands should be done by a professional trainer. Pets can visit special training courses after they turn 4 months old.

Appearance

Welsh Corgi are small dogs. Their body is long. There are 2 types of dogs if this breed: Pembroke and Cardigan. They look similar, but have some differences too. Cardigan Welsh Corgi have longer legs and a wider chest.
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Short, with a thick undercoat. It is stiff and wavy. 
Sable, black with red patches, red and light-red. White spots are acceptable on head, neck, chest and legs.
Looks similar to a head of a fox. The skull is wide, wedge-shaped. There is always a smile on pet`s snout.
Small, rounded. Their color is always brown.
Long, with rounded tips. They are erect-type ears.
Long and muscular.


Short and straight.


Short and bushy, it can be docked.

Basic Care

Welsh Corgi do not need much time to be groomed. Their hair should be brushed once a week. During the molting period — in spring and fall — every day, using a stiff bristle brush or a furminator. Then pet your dog with wet hands to take off left hairs.

You do not need to give Welsh Corgi a bath very often. These dogs are neat. They do not produce too much odor or saliva. It is recommended to give them a bath once in 3 months, using special shampoos. Then wipe your dog with a towel. Because of not being tall, Welsh Corgi might collect all the dust on their coat. That is why they need to wiped after each walk. You also need to clean their paws regularly. Check pet`s eyes and ears every week and clean them when needed, using cotton pads. Their teeth should be brushed once in 2 weeks, using a special paste and a brush. Trim dog`s claws once in 3 months.

It is recommended to feed Welsh Corgi with dry food of premium quality. It contains vitamins and minerals needed for dog`s health. These pets are prone to obesity. It is crucial not to overfeed them, and to make their diet well-balanced. Such natural ingredients can be fed to the dog: not greasy meat — mutton, beef, chicken and raw liver; grains — buckwheat and rice; fresh of boiled vegetables; fat free dairy products — sour cream, cottage cheese and kefir. Dry and natural food can change one another. However, it is important not to mix them in one portion. A puppy under the age of 4 months should eat 5 times a day; under 6 months — 4 times a day; under 8 months — 3 times a day; then — twice a day.

Welsh Corgi dogs can live either in a small flat and in a large house. They do not need much free space for comfortable life. The most important things for these pets are active walks and interaction with the owner. You can choose a place for dog`s sleep and put a mattress or a large pillow there. A special dog house is also a good idea. It can be bought in any zoo-store. It is recommended to walk Welsh Corgi dogs for 30 minutes 2–3 times a day.

Health and Illnesses

Welsh Corgi dogs can live up to 15 years if treated well. Their health is strong. However, because of bad breeding work, some hereditary health issues appeared.

Cataract is a pathology that causes darkening of eye lens. The darker the lens becomes — the worse is the eyesight. It gets darker because of accumulation of liquid and proteins that destroy its fibers. If cataract is not cured in time, the dog might lose not only eyesight, but also the eyeball.

Retinal atrophy is a hereditary disorder that leads to worsening or loss of eyesight. Eye retina consists of cells that catch the light and transmit it as an impulse to the brain through the optic nerve. Atrophy might either affect the development of these cells right after dog`s birth, or deform the structure of already existing photoreceptor cells. The more cells get affected — the worse the eyesight becomes. It is impossible to cure retinal atrophy. 

Hip dysplasia is a hereditary health problem, due to which the femur does not lay closely to the hip joint. The dog starts feeling pain while moving. The main symptom is limping. If dysplasia is not cured — the pet might stop being able to walk.

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a hereditary disorder that disrupts structure of connective tissues and joints. It appears because of lack of collagen in the body. Collagen is a protein that forms connective tissues: joints, cartilages, skin and others. It takes up to 45% of the whole protein system in the body. Lack of collagen damages structure of connective tissues: joints start bending, skin is easily damaged and takes much time to get cured. The syndrome cannot be cured.

Cystinuria is a hereditary disorder that leads to formation of cystine stones in kidneys and the bladder. The disease appears because of accumulation of cystine in urine. Cystine is an amino acid. While accumulating in urine, it does not fully dissolve and transforms into stones, which get stuck in the ureter. Infections start developing in the body. If the dog stopped going potty, you need to take it to a vet. Cystinuria can be cured with drugs.

It is important to make sure your Welsh Corgi does not jump from high surfaces. Spine is a vulnerable part of pet`s body. Problems with intervertebral discs are common among dogs of this breed. Taking control of pet`s diet is crucial for keeping a Welsh Corgi. They like eating and are prone to obesity. Extra weight puts pressure on heart and skeleton.

History of the Breed

Welsh Corgi are descendants of ancient dogs that lived on the territory of Wales. Archaeologists found remains of a settlement, that existed in the 8th century in the south of Cardiff, underground. They noticed skeletons of dogs looking similar to ones of modern Welsh Corgi. It is believed that these dogs were brought to Great Britain by ancient Vikings. Later, dog breeders found similarities between Welsh Corgi and Chow Chow, Norwegian Elkhound, Swedish Vallhund, Icelandic Sheepdog, Keeshond, Pomeranian and Finnish Spitz. One thing unites all these pets — they were used for helping farmers.

The modern history of Welsh Corgi started in the Pembrokeshire country. They were brought there in 1107 by weavers from the North. Those people later developed the breed of Pembroke Welsh Corgi. Some time later, dogs appeared in the neighbouring Cardiganshire country, where Cardigan Welsh Corgi started being bred. Pets were used for helping farmers in both countries. At the beginning of the 12th century, they started being crossbred for the purpose of popularization and an increase in population. It is forbidden to do such crossbreeding now.

For few centuries, Welsh Corgi were not popular. Then, they participated in a show in England in 1925 for the first time. After it, Welsh Corgi started becoming more and more popular around whole Britain. The Kennel Union did not divide Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh Corgi until 1930. In 1933, George VI gave few Pembroke dogs to his daughters: Queen Elizabeth II and her sister Margaret. Those pets still live in the Buckingham Palace with the Queen.