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Siberian husky

One of the most ancient breeds. It is a smart and active dog that needs a lot of physical exercises.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Aggression
Noise
Weight
Weight:
female: 18—23 kg
male: 20—28 kg
Height
Height:
female: 50—56 cm
male: 55—60 cm
Hair
Hair:
smooth
Care
Care:
requires little time
Lives
Lives:
inside
outside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
8—10 puppies
Origin
Origin:
United States
in 1939
Life span
Life span:
13—15 years

Personality

Siberian Huskies are friendly and affectionate pets. They never show aggression, even towards strangers. That is why they are not recommended for security purposes. Attempts to teach these dogs to become aggressive damage their psyche. Huskies are created for family life and being in close contact with people. They do not get easily through loneliness. These dogs are loyal only to one person, but they get along well with other people as well as animals. Being leaders is not the most important thing for Huskies. They used to live in packs with other dogs and know how to be part of a team. These pets are safe for small children. Ancient Eskimos used them to keep newborns warm in severe frosts.

Huskies are sled dogs. They are active and cheerful pets who have a lot of energy that needs to be shared. These dogs will not calmly lay in one place. This breed is not for people who are looking for a lazy dog.

Despite being very loyal to people, Huskies are sometimes stubborn. They often make a decision themselves, not taking their owner`s thoughts into consideration. Huskies like running away. They can open the door, jump from the window, dig a pit under the fence or jump over it. These pets do that rarely, but such actions should be taken into consideration.

Training

Siberian Huskies are smart and can be easily trained. However, their origin should be taken into consideration. Their ancestors lived in packs, and tamed pets were used as sled dogs, not as guard ones. Huskies listen only to a person who they think is a leader. 

Training of Huskies should be based on severity and justice. If you let it do anything it wants, it will become spoiled. If you behave too brutally, the dog will grow up angry and revengeful. 

It is better to start training your dog when it is 3 months old. If you make the process interesting, the pet will learn quickly. Your voice needs to be calm and confident. Huskies react better to requests rather than to orders. The dog should be praised and given a treat for successfully completing a command. They have to be punished for being aggressive towards other people and animals. The most important thing is not to beat them. It is better to hold your Husky on withers and keep it close too the ground until it calms down.

The first thing that the puppy should learn is its name. It is better to teach that when you call your dog to eat. That is how it will remember its name more quickly. The second thing the puppy has to understand is who is dominant in the house. Because Huskies used to live in packs, they know that the leader has to be listened to. That is why it is important that the dog does not doubt its owner`s authority. Huskies can feel when the leader is weak and then they stop listening to him. That is why it is important to remain dominant in dog`s company.

Appearance

Siberian Huskies are of medium size. Their body is muscular, with proportional shapes. The breed is divided into three types: sled dogs, show dogs and scent hounds. The standard of the breed created the sub-sledding dog type.
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Of medium length. The undercoat is soft and thick. Dog looks fluffy. Its hairs are straight and smooth.
All colors from white to black are acceptable.
Of medium size, proportional to body length. It is rounded on the back of the head.
Almond-shaped. They are set widely, at an oblique angle.
Of medium size, triangular in shape. They are erect type ears.
Of medium size, strong.
Straight, widely set.
Of medium size, held low when the dog is relaxed. When the pet becomes interested in something — its tail gets curled up. 

Basic Care

Siberian Huskies need medium amount of time to be groomed. Their thick hair needs to be brushed two times a week. During the moulting time — in spring and fall — every day, using a fine tooth comb. After you give these dogs a bath, pet them with wet hands to take off left hairs.

Huskies are neat dogs. They do not produce odor or saliva. You do not have to give them a bath very often. Water washes off the protective layer from the skin and damages hair structure. Long claws of Huskies need to be trimmed once in ten days. Check pet`s ears every day and clean them if needed with a cotton pad or soft fabric. Their teeth have to be brushed once a week, using special paste and brush. 

Maltese dogs can be fed with either high quality dry feed or natural food. Specialists recommend to give them dry food. It contains vitamins and minerals, needed for you dog`s health. Natural diet has to be well-balanced. You need to take the size and level of activity of these pets into consideration. Not greasy meat like beef, rabbit meat and turkey should make up 60% of the diet. You can give it either raw, or washed under hot water. It is better not to give chicken to Huskies, while it can cause allergies. 30% of the diet should be of grains: buckwheat, oatmeal and wheat porridge. Once a week, a raw egg yolk can be added to them. Huskies can be fed with all vegetables, apart from potatoes. They contain starch that affects dog`s health in a negative way. Puppies under the age of two months should be fed 6 times a day; under the age of 4 months — 5 times a day; before they turn 1 year — 4 times a day; and after the dog turns 1 year of age — 3 times a day. An adult Husky eats 1–2 times a day. Everything depends on the level of their physical activity.

A Siberian Husky can be kept either inside or outside. For comfortable life, they need street walks and physical exercises. These dogs need to be walked for 60 minutes in the morning, and in the evening. Huskies are sled dogs that are used to pulling load. Walking them requires much effort. Without physical activity, health of these pets becomes much worse. If your dog will live outside, you should build it an aviary. Huskies cannot be enchained. The aviary needs to be made of iron. A regular grid might tear under the pressure the dog puts on it, and the pet might run away. It is better to concrete the floor of the aviary because Huskies can dig the ground very well.

Health and Illnesses

Siberian Huskies can live up to 15 years if treated well. Their health is strong. However, some hereditary health issues are present in this breed. They might inherit diabetes, disorders of the thyroid gland and hip dysplasia.

Hip dysplasia is a congenital dislocation of the hip or a joint. Head of femur gets dislocated and protrudes from the articular cavity. The dog stats limping and moving less. As a result, arthrosis develops. It can immobile the dog. 

Eye disorders like cataract, glaucoma and corneal dystrophy are less common in dogs of this breed. During street walks, Huskies might eat feces. It is important to vaccinate the dog from helminths in time.

History of the Breed

The breed was developed by ancient inhabitants of the Far North. Living in harsh conditions, they were going hunting for long distances in snow. For that purpose, people needed dogs that would run on snow in frost while pulling load. Chukchi were the first people to develop sled dogs. It is believed that Huskies come from a wolf that was tamed 1000 years ago. Not only did dogs help people, but they also become part of their life by living in yarangas. «Husky» is a form of «eski» in the word «Eskimos».

Huskies lived in Russia until the beginning of the 20th century. They were brought to Alaska in 1908. Having evaluated the running abilities of these dogs, people were importing them for 20 more years for development of the breed and participating in dog races. The breed became famous worldwide thanks to Leonhard Seppala and his dog Togo. In 1925, they brought a serum from diphtheria to a small town in Alaska called Nome, having crossed the distance of 146 km. They had to move on paths covered with snow and ice in blizzads.

In 1917, the October Revolution was held in Russia. A new country appeared on the map — the Soviet Union. In 1930, it closed its borders. The breed of Siberian Huskies was being developed only in the USA. That year, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club. In 1938, the first club of Husky lovers was established. These dogs returned to the Commonwealth of Independent States only in 1995.