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Poodle

The smartest decorative dog breed in the world. It is an active and friendly pet with an elegant appearance.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Aggression
Noise
Weight
Weight:
female: 8—11 kg
male: 10—12 kg
Height
Height:
female: 30—40 cm
male: 35—45 cm
Hair
Hair:
long
Care
Care:
require average time
Lives
Lives:
inside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
2—4 puppy
Origin
Origin:
France
in 1887
Life span
Life span:
12—15 years

Personality

Poodles are smart dogs. Intelligence is their main dignity. They can understand people very well and are able to remember more than 100 phrases. These pets will not cause any problems trying to show their authority, while their goal is to make people happy. Poodles will always stay close by, participating in all family activities. These dogs need interaction with people. They do not get easily through loneliness. Without socialization, Poodles might fall into depression and get sick. That is why this breed is not for busy people.

Poodles are active and observant pets. Their ancestors were used for hunting waterfowl. Hunter instincts remained in dog`s blood. That is why Poodles are interested in everything that is going on around them. They will not simply sit in one place. These dogs like playing with a ball, active walking and swimming. You should not restrict pets in physical exercises.

Poodles never show aggression. They love children and get on well with other animals. These pets will not try to be dominant and start fights. They show feelings and emotions by loud barking. If the dog feels danger — its owner will definitely notice that.

Training

It is easy to train Poodles. It is one of the most quickly-learning dog breeds. That is why Poodles often participate in circus shows and perform difficult tricks. These dogs can easily remember commands and rules, set by the owner. You can talk to a Poodle just like you would talk to another person. These dogs have a well-developed feeling of shame. If they do something wrong at least once — they will remember that for the rest of life. 

You need to start training a dog right after its purchase. It is pointless to show your authority to the pet. However, it is important to become dog`s friend, who it will be able to play with. That is how training will be more effective. Training while playing will let you get in touch with the pet more quickly. It is impossible to lie to Poodles. You need to be honest with them. Even a child can teach the dog basic commands like «sit down», «go to your place», «no», «come here». It is better to teach a Poodle complicated commands with a professional trainer.

Appearance

Breed can be divided into 4 types: royal, medium, miniature and toy. Their body is long and muscular. The only difference between them is height. 
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Long and thick, feels soft when touched. It can be divided into 2 types according to its structure: curly and corded. 
Black, white, dark-brown, creamy, coffee, light-apricot, dark-apricot, chocolate-brown, gray, silver.
Long, wedge-shaped, proportional to body length.
Of medium size, almond-shaped, slightly slanted, wide-set. Eye colors include: brown, dark-brown, dark-blue.
Long and floppy, wide-set, covered with hair.
Of medium length, muscular.

Straight and parallel. Hind legs are more muscular than front ones.
Of medium length, high-set, wide at the base, gets thinner down to the tip.

Basic Care

Poodles require much time to be groomed. They almost never molt. However, if their thick hair is not brushed — it will get matted. You need to brush it at least 3 times a week. It is better to do that every day, using a special comb and a metal bristle brush. At first, make hair straight with a comb and then brush it. Apart from constant brushing, hair of Poodles has to be cut. It is important for dog`s hygiene. Long hair on the trunk has to be cut once a month, one on legs and between fingers — once in 2 weeks, hair on the head — once a week. Apart from hygienic haircuts, you need to make decorative ones for shows. However, it should be better done by a dog groomer.

Poodles like water and will not resist taking a bath. You need to wash their hair 2 times a month or when needed, using a soft shampoo for long hair. Before giving your dog a bath — brush its hair. If it got matted — try to carefully untangle it or cut it off with scissors. Then make your dog wet with water, rub it with shampoo, wait for 3–5 minutes and wash everything off. This procedure should be repeated for 2 times. After shampoo is washed off — wipe dog`s hair with a towel and dry it with a hairdryer. Eyes of a Poodle tear a lot. That is why they need to be wiped every day, using wet towels. Check dog`s ears every week and clean them when needed. Their teeth should be cleaned once a week, using a special paste and a brush. Otherwise, tartar might develop. Teeth brushing can be replaced with chewing on hard snacks. Trim Poodles`s claws once a month.

Poodles can be fed with either high quality dry or natural food. They are prone to obesity. That is why it is very important that dog`s diet is well-balanced. Such natural ingredients can be fed to the dog: not greasy meat — beef, chicken and mutton; grains — wheat porridge, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal; boiled or stewed vegetables; fat free dairy products — sour cream, cottage cheese and kefir. Once a week, a raw chicken egg can be fed to the dog. Dry and natural food can change one another. However, it is important not to mix them in one portion. A puppy under the age of 2 months needs to be fed 4 times a day; under 6 months — 3 times a day; then — 2 times a day.

Poodles need to live inside. They need much space for comfortable life. These pets are very active. Without physical exercises, their personality spoils. When a Poodle is locked, it will: chew wires and shoes, constantly run around and bark loudly. You need to walk these dogs 3 times a day for 30 minutes. It should be considered before buying a Poodle.

Health and Illnesses

Poodles can live up to 15 years if treated well. This a breed of long-livers. However, just like a lot of other dogs, Poodles suffer from some hereditary and acquired diseases.

Addison`s disease is a rare endocrine pathology that disrupts functioning of adrenal glands, which are responsible for production of hormones, especially cortisol — the hormone of stress. It performs important functions: normalizes blood pressure, makes blood vessels strong, activates work of muscles, reduces usage of glucose and so on. If adrenal glands stop functioning — the dog might die. Main symptoms include: skin darkening, fatigue, loss of appetite. The disease can be cured with hormonal injections.

Progressive retinal atrophy is a hereditary disorder that disrupts functioning of eye retina and leads to blindness. Retina consists of photoreceptor cells. They process eye impulses and transmit them to the optic nerve. Atrophy changes their structure. Cells stop functioning and die out with time. The fewer photoreceptor cells are left — the worse dog`s eyesight is. Atrophy cannot be cured.

Seborrhea is a skin disorder that affects functioning of sebaceous glands, which produce acids and fats that protect skin from germs. Excessive excretion of them leads to greasy skin. Layers start appearing on it. While dying out, they start peeling off, causing itching and discomfort. Seborrhea can be cured with antibiotics and special shampoos.

Hepatitis is an inflammatory liver disease. It can be either infectious or toxic. Infectious hepatitis affects not only liver, but also kidneys, lungs, cells of blood vessels and eyes. The dog might get sick with infectious hepatitis after contacting with other animals. Infectious hepatitis in its acute form is lethal. That is why it is important to get your pet vaccinated in time. Toxic hepatitis develops because of poisoning with: toxicants, drugs, alcohol and other substances. Large quantities of poisonous materials destroys liver and might lead to its failure.

Joint dysplasia is a hereditary disorder that affects functioning of dog`s hip and elbow joints. Bone`s head becomes dislocated and starts rubbing against the joint tissue, changing its structure. The dog starts feeling much pain and limping. The main symptom of dysplasia is limping. If you do not start curing the dog in time — it will stop being able to walk.

Poodles often suffer from abdominal bloating. It is a serious pathology that might lead to dog`s death. Abdominal bloating twists the esophagus, affects functioning of lungs and heart. The dog starts feeling much pain and loses appetite. A noticeable abdominal bloating might lead to bursting of stomach and dog`s death. That is why it is important to watch dog`s diet. You should not overfeed the pet, and do not walk the dog right after it ate. It is better to wait for 1–2 hours.

History of the Breed

Poodle is an ancient dog breed. At first, these dogs were developed for hunting birds. Only after some time passed, they became family companions. There are few versions considering breed`s origination. Some specialists suppose that France was their homeland, others — that it was Germany. Dogs looking like Poodles were depicted on Greek coins. These pets were first mentioned in Europe in the 15th—16th centuries. Many breeds are found in the gene pool of Poodles — Barbet, Water Spaniel, Puli dog, Papillon, Maltese and Bichon Frise. In translation from German, «Poodle» means «puddle». In French, the breed is called «Caniche», which means «a dog for hunting ducks». 

Poodles became popular in the 18th century. They lived in palaces of European nobility. These pets were especially loved by Louis XVII of France. During his governance, first dog groomers appeared. They took care of Poodles living in palaces and set a start to development of dog fashion. With time, dog salons started being opened all around France and abroad. Apart from Louis XVII of France, Poodles were also kept by George Sand, Arthur Schopenhauer and Ludwig van Beethoven. 

The first standard of the breed was developed in 1887. Poodles were being developed in England, Germany and France at the same time. It affected the variety of dogs of this breed. English people were developing decorative Poodles, German people — royal ones, with the purpose of guarding, and French people were developing both types of Poodles. In 1923, the first Club of Poodle lovers was established in France. It were French dog breeders who developed modern standards of the breed: royal, medium, miniature and toy Poodles. Mademoiselle Gallani influenced the development of the breed in a great way. In 1936, these standards were accepted by the FCI.

Poodles became popular in the Commonwealth of Independent States at the beginning of the 19th century. They were kept by people of different classes: workers, actors, artists and writers. A Club of Royal Poodle lovers was established after WWII in the Soviet Union. In 1960, a Club of Miniature Poodle lovers was established.