French bulldog

A decorative breed which is a result of crossbreeding a French Bulldog and a Pug. It is an affectionate and stubborn dog that needs a lot of people`s attention.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
female: 8—12 kg
male: 10—13 kg
female: 24—32 cm
male: 27—35 cm
requires little time
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
6—7 puppies
United Kingdom
in 19 century
Life span
Life span:
10—12 years


French Bulldogs are friendly dogs. They are created for living in families with small children. These pets are patient and affectionate. They never show aggression and enjoy playing. Bulldogs get on well with other animals. However, while walking outside, they might be aggressive towards unfamiliar pets.

Bulldogs do not get easily through loneliness. They need a lot of attention. Without contact with people, these dogs become aggressive and disobedient. In order to compensate boredom, the Bulldog might create mess in the house: chew on slippers and wires, break a vase. This breed is not for busy people.

These small pets are active and cheerful. They become calmer with age, but their will to play remains. Bulldogs enjoy entertaining members of the family and guests. They can feel the mood of the person and adapt to his lifestyle. Despite being small in size, Bulldogs are brave dogs. They protect their owners and territory from danger.


French Bulldogs are smart but stubborn pets. They need to be trained from the first day after their purchase. If the Bulldog does not accept house rules immediately, it will become harder to teach them that in the future. It is impossible to change the already formed personality of the dog. That is why the pet has to see its owner as a leader and follow all rules.

The Bulldog will resist training until it turns 8 months old. It will chew everything around and will not listen to commands. You should not let that happen. It is important not to succumb to their charm and cute glance, but to punish the pet with strict intonation only. It is enough to teach Bulldogs basic commands like «come here», «no», «lay down» and «stay close». If you make the training process interesting, the dog will learn more quickly.


French Bulldogs are small dogs. Their body is muscular, of square shape. They look similar to English Bulldogs and Pugs.
Short and thin, feels soft. The undercoat is absent.
Pale yellow, white, black, tiger, spotted, beige, white-tiger, blue and creamy.
Wide, of square shape. There are folds on the snout.
Big, rounded and protruding. They are set highly on the head.
Of medium length, of erect type. They are wide at the base, with rounded tips.
Short and muscular.
Strong and muscular. Front legs are shorter than hind ones.
Short and curved, lowly set. It is wide at the base and gets thinner down to the tip.

Basic Care

French Bulldogs do not need much time to be groomed. Their short hair needs to be brushed once a week. During the molting period — in spring and fall — two times a week, using a brush for short-haired pets. Then you need to pet the dog with wet hands or a special glove to take off left hairs.

Bulldogs are neat pets. They need to be given a shower once in three months, using a special shampoo. These pets need to be wiped with a towel or dried with a hairdryer. You should brush your dog`s teeth once a week with a special paste. This process can be replaced by chewing bones, which help to get rid of plaque and tartar. Check your pet`s ears once a week and clean them with cotton swabs when needed. After each walk, Bulldog`s folds on the face need to be wiped with wet towels. Dust that accumulates in them might cause skin irritation and allergies.

French Bulldogs can be fed with either high quality dry feeds or natural food. Natural ingredients contain vitamins and minerals needed for your dog`s health. Dry and natural food can change one another. However, it is important not to combine them into one portion. Such natural ingredients can be fed to the dog: not greasy meat — chicken and beef; boiled boneless fish; grains — buckwheat and rice; fat free dairy products — cottage cheese, sour cream and kefir. Once a week, a boiled egg can be given. A puppy under the age of 2 months has to be fed 6 times a day; when it is 3 months old — 5 times a day; 4–7 months — 4 times a day; 8–12 months — 3 times a day; after it turns 1 year of age — 2 times a day.

French Bulldog is a domesticated dog breed. They feel comfortable living inside without street walks. However, it is recommended to take your dog outside for 15 minutes 2 times a day. That is how it will remain fit. Bulldogs are sensitive to weather and do not feel well when it is neither hot nor cold outside. It is important to consider

Health and Illnesses

French Bulldogs can live up to 12, sometimes up to 15 years, if treated well. Their health is strong, but some disorders still occur.

Dog`s skin is very sensitive to external irritating factors. If you do not pay attention to it, dermatitis might develop. Dermatitis is skin inflammation that damages its structure. Because of it, itching wounds appear on dog`s skin.

The second most sensitive area of French Bulldogs is their eyes. Because they are protruding and tear a lot, pets might suffer from: conjunctivitis, glaucoma, cataracts and entropion. That is why it is important to check eyes` condition and clean them in time.

French Bulldogs might inherit hip dysplasia. It is a congenital femoral dislocation that inflames connective tissues of joints. The pet starts limping and feeling pain while walking.

Because of having a flat snout, Bulldogs breath loudly and snore while they sleep. French Bulldogs inherited problems with the back from their English relatives. Dog`s intervertebral discs get dislocated and cause hernia formation. That is why these pets cannot be forced to move too much.

History of the Breed

The breed of French Bulldogs appeared in England, as a result of crossbreeding English Bulldogs with Pugs. These dogs were created for family life and chasing rodents. English seamstresses became the first owners of French Bulldogs. Because of the Industrial Revolution, they started to lose jobs. As a result, some of them migrated to France together with small pets. These dogs were noticed by local wealthy people, and the breed started becoming more and more popular. The peak of Bulldog`s popularity was in the 1880s. At those times, Paris was the world center of fashion. Bulldogs started appearing in local events. Photos of them in newspapers were seen by the whole world.

In 1890, French Bulldogs appeared in America. Six years later, they had a debut at a show, causing interest of the public. Dog owners started developing the breed. At those times, such dogs cost from 250 to 700 dollars — they were more expensive than a car. Some of them were sold for 5000 dollars. In 1905, French Bulldogs were accepted as a separate from English Bulldogs breed. In 1913, more than 100 French Bulldogs participated in a Westminster Show.

In 1920, French Bulldogs were brought to the Soviet Union. Feodor Chaliapin became the first well-known owner of French Bulldogs. Later, Vladimir Mayakovsky started keeping them too. Because of the high price, the popularity of the breed was decreasing. By the end of WWII, only one French Bulldog was left in Moscow. With the purpose of restoring the breed population, a female French Bulldog was brought from Hungary in 1948. She gave birth to 3 puppies. One of them was bought by S. N. Sklifosovskaya — wife of a famous surgeon. It was her who contributed a lot to rehabilitation of French Bulldogs.