pixel

Sphynx cat

A breed known for its lack of coat and unusual appearance. Because of getting very attached to people, they got called «attention-sticking cats».

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Weight
Weight:
female: 3—4 kg
male: 4—6 kg
Height
Height:
female: 30 cm
male: 40 cm
Hair
Hair:
bald
Care
Care:
require average time
Lives
Lives:
inside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
3—5 kittens
Origin
Origin:
Canada
in 1966
Life span
Life span:
14—16 years

Personality

Sphynx cats are gentle and sociable cats. Despite their unusual appearance, these cats respect and love people. They cannot bare loneliness. Being far away from their owner affects their health in a bad way. This breed is not recommended for busy people. 

Sphynx cats are calm and curious. They get on well with other animals. Showing aggression is not about this breed. They don`t like scratching and biting. That`s why you should not worry when your child is playing with the cat. Breeders point out how smart Sphynx cats are. They can be trained to follow commands, but they should not be shouted at. Sphynx cats are very emotionally vulnerable.

Appearance

Sphynx cats are muscular, medium-sized. Because of lack of coat, these cats have thick and wrinkly skin. 
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
The Sphynx cat`s body is covered with a 2 mm-long fluff. Fine hairs grow on external side of ears, tail, legs, and scrotum.
Skin of Sphynx cats can be of different tints: black, blue, white, one-colored, creamy, chocolate, tabby, tortoiseshell, calico, siamese. 
Medium-sized, wedge-shaped with flat forehead. The snout is short. 
Big and wide, lemon-shaped. Their color depends on the coat color.
Big and straight. Wide at the base, hairless inside. 
Of medium length, muscular. 
Not long, proportional to the body. Hind legs are longer than front ones. 
Long and flexible, reminds a rat`s tail.

Basic Care

Sphynx cats require much time to be groomed. Sweat glands of Sphynx cats create skin plaque that can stay on furniture and clothes. That is why these cats should be given a bath and cleaned with towels and special shampoos once a week. After the bath, they must be wrapped in a warm blanket. Their eyes and ears need to be cleaned once a week.

Sphynx cats like to eat. They spend much energy on heat exchange in the body. That`s why experts recommend feeding this breed with high quality food containing proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals.

This breed can live only in home conditions. The lack of hair makes these pets vulnerable to coldness. If temperature in the house is lower than 20C, they should be dressed in a warm suit. Experts recommend creating a warm area for your pet at home.

Health and Illnesses

If treated well, Sphynx cats can live up to 20 years. Main health issues occur because of lack of coat. They might get a sunburn or hypothermia. If their skin is not wiped clean, a rash might appear on it. Its appearance is a possible sign of allergy. To find the real reason, you should consult a vet. 

Hereditary diseases are present in this breed. Because of breeding Devon Rex with Sphynx cats, the latter inherited health issues of heart and muscles. Progressive muscular dystrophy causes laryngospasms and leads to the pet`s death. The illness appears after 30 days of kitten`s life, but might also develop at the age of three months. These health issues cannot be cured.

History of the Breed

Hairless cats are first mentioned at the beginning of the 20th century on the territory of South America. Mexican Hairless cat was considered the most popular breed there. Author Frances Simpson first mentioned the breed in his book — «The Book of the Cat». Because of lack of interest in Inca cats — as they were called — the breed disappeared.

In 1966, in Canadian province Ontario, a cat named Elizabeth gave birth to a kitten called Prune. Some time later, the owner decided to breed Prune and Elizabeth. The experiment was successful, but the the history of the breed was interrupted again at the beginning of the 70-s. 

The new wave of population started in 1975. In a breeding place in Baden, MN, a simple shorthair cat gave birth to a hairless kitten called Epidermis. Some time later, another hairless cat was born in the province. The pets were brought to the Stradust breeding place, and since then, the elite breed line has started. At first, cats with lack of coat were called Canadian Hairless cats, but some time later, breeders compared these cats with the Egyptian sculpture of Sphynx. That is how the name of the breed — the Sphynx cat — appeared. 

The international recognition of Sphynx cats happened in 1986, when the breed pariticipated in a TICA show. In 2002, CFA officially accepted the standard for the breed.