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Scottish fold

A young and popular breed. It is a smart cat with calm personality and drooping ears.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Weight
Weight:
female: 4—5 kg
male: 5—7 kg
Height
Height:
female: 28 cm
male: 30 cm
Hair
Hair:
smooth
Care
Care:
requires little time
Lives
Lives:
inside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
3—7 kittens
Origin
Origin:
United Kingdom
in 1961
Life span
Life span:
13—15 years

Personality

Scottish Fold cats are smart and good-tempered pets. Because of 
their aristocratic origin, these cats behave calmly and patiently. If Scottish Fold cats are left home alone, they will not damage furniture or climb on cupboards. Instead, these pets will lay on the couch and wait for the owner.

These cats do not easily get through loneliness. They get very attached to people. Being lonely for long time can affect their health in a negative way. Scottish Fold cats need constant contact with people. This breed is not for busy people.

Scottish Fold cats get on well with other animals. They do not like showing aggression. If a conflict arises, these pets will ignore it. However, Scottish Fold cats can defend themselves.

This breed is perfect for families with small children. Despite well-developed calmness, these cats like playing. If these pets are in a mood, they will become a kid`s companion for games. Meanwhile, a Scottish Fold cat will never retract claws or bite. If a child accidentally hurts it, it will simply run away.

Scottish Fold cats are smart and can be trained. It is important to gain their trust. They often express interest in something new by standing on hind legs. Scottish Fold cats can hunt. If an insect flies inside a room, these pets will definitely show their hunting skills.

Appearance

Scottish Fold cats are of medium size. Their body is graceful and strong. 
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Short and elastic, feels plushy.
More than 200 colors are accepted. The most common are: solid — blue, black, white, sand, chocolate, creamy; bicolor — harlequin and van; striped — tabby, marble, spotted, tiger.
Rounded, with strong jaws. The nose is short.
Big and round. Their color depends on coat color.
Small, bending forward and down towards the front of the head, widely set. Ears of Scottish Fold cats can be divided into such types: single — only tips are bending forward; double — the whole pinna is bending forward; and triple — the whole ear bends down.
Short and muscular.
Of medium length, slim and muscular. 
Proportional to body length, gets thinner down to the tip.

Basic Care

Scottish Fold cats need little time to be groomed. Their hair needs to be brushed once a week, with a brush for shorthair pets. During the moulting period — in spring and fall — two times a week. Then you should pet your cat with wet hands to take away left hairs. 

Scottish Fold cats are neat. They do not need to be given a bath very often. It is enough to wash them once every few months. Their ears need attention, though. Because of the special structure of pinna, much earwax gets formed there. That is why cat`s ears need to be observed and cleaned every 10 days with cotton pads. Wipe cat`s eyes if they start to tear. Buy a claw-point so that your Scottish Fold cat does not scratch furniture and wallpapers.

The diet of Scottish Fold cats needs to be well-balanced. They can be fed with either premium quality feed or natural food. These two types of feed can change one another. However, it is important not to mix them in one portion. High quality feed contains vitamins and minerals needed for your cat`s health. Natural diet cannot contain: fatty meat, cream and milk. A Scottish Fold cat can be given: chicken stomachs and hearts, turkey, not greasy mutton or rabbit meat. Scottish Fold cats like grains. For them, you can cook: buckwheat, oatmeal, and rice, which you can mix with boiled vegetables. To feed kittens up to six months — five times a day, up to eight — four, up to a year — three, after — two. In the morning and in the evening. Preferably at the same time.

Keep fold-eared cats, you need only indoors. It is important to understand that the breed was bred for home life. Pets can only be released in warm weather. Necessarily supervised.

Health and Illnesses

Scottish Fold cats can live up to 15 years if treated well. These pets inherited strong health. Main health issues of this breed are concerning their musculoskeletal system. Because of weak joints, arthritis and osteochondrodysplasia might develop. They lead to deformation of the skeleton and changes in structure of cartilages and joints. The cat might start limping, and it stops being active. As prophylaxis, you should keep track of your cat`s diet and control its weight. Vitamins containing calcium need to be added to the diet.

Less common diseases of Scottish Fold cats are the ones of heart and kidneys. To keep your cat healthy, you need to take it to a vet regularly and get it vaccinated on time.

History of the Breed

A Scottish Fold cat was born as a result of a random mutation in 1961 in one of Scottish farms in the Tayside Region. The kitten was called Susie. In 1963, one of Susie`s kittens was bought by a Scottish lady Mary Ross. She set the start for development of the new breed. In 1970, it was recognized officially.

In 1973, popularization of the breed began. The algorithm of developing the breed was explained by breeders and genetic scientists in such way: the unusual form of ears is caused by the Fd gene. However, if both parents own a dominant Fd gene, the kitten will be born sick. The problem was solved after a Scottish Fold was bred with a straight-eared cat. Born kittens had either straight and lop ears. Felinoligists developed straight-eared cats into a separate breed — Scottish Straight. 

In 1978, Scottish Fold cats gained an exhibition status in the CFA. And in 1993, the breed was recognized officially.