Russian blue cat

One of the most famous short-haired breeds. It is an independent and graceful long-living cat.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
female: 4β€”4 kg
male: 5β€”6 kg
female: 25 cm
male: 35 cm
requires little time
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
4β€”6 kittens
Russian Federation
in 1875
Life span
Life span:
15β€”20 years


Russian Blue cats are calm and intelligent. They like the feeling of self-sufficiency. These cats will not let strangers come close. Russian pets know how to keep the line between independence and affection. They will not irritate their owner with loud meowing, running around the flat or climbing on cupboards and shelves. These pets show affection only when they are in a good mood. They can easily get through loneliness. That is why this breed is perfect for busy people.

Russian Blue cats like playing with children. They will not show any aggression. If a child hurts the cat, it will simply go away. However, the situation is more complicated when it comes to other pets, especially dogs. Russian Blue cats treat them with aggression and are ready to start a fight. These pets are innate hunters. Small animals are their prey. Living in a private house, they will be chasing mice.

These cats are very smart and can be trained. They understand basic commands and can be taught to use a tray.


Russian Blue cats are of medium size. Their body is long and muscular. Four standards of the breed are accepted worldwide: American, European, English, and Scandinavian. American and Scandinavian standards are recognized by TICA and SFA, English β€” by GCCF, European β€” by FIFe and WCF.
Short and thick. Fells silky.
Most common are: blue, blue-gray with a silver tint, white and black. 
Wedge-shaped, flat and long. The nose is straight and wide. The chin is muscular and rounded.
Big, oval-shaped. Colors: all tints of green.
Very big, slightly leaned forward. Cats of the American standard have ears that are sharp at tips. Ones of the European standard have rounded tips.
Long and muscular. 
Very long and athletic.
Long, wide at the base, gets thinner down to the tip.

Basic Care

Russian Blue cats need minimal care. Their coat and undercoat are of same length. That is why they do not look that fluffy. For the coat to remain thick enough, it should be brushed once a week. During the moulting season β€” in spring and fall β€” two times a week, with a rubber brush. Then pet your cat with wet hands to take away left hairs.

Russian Blue cats are neat. These pets need to be given a bath only if they got dirty in what cannot be licked off. It is recommended to use dry shampoo for your cats. The frequency of how often their eyes and ears should be wiped depends on how quickly they get dirty. Cat`s teeth need to be brushed two times a month with a special brush.

Claws of Russian Blue cats need special attention. Because of originating from hunters, their claws are long and grow very quickly. That is why they need to be trimmed two times a month. Buy a claw-point so that your cat does not damage furniture. 

It is recommended to give your cats high quality feed. It contains vitamins and minerals needed for your pet`s health. Dry cat food can be followed by canned feed in such proportion β€” 3:1. If you want to start giving your pet another type of feed, change the diet slowly. The natural diet of Russian Blue cat needs to be well-balanced. They can be given: not greasy meat β€” beef or chicken, grains β€” semolina, buckwheat, oatmeal, fat free dairy products β€” cottage cheese, sour cream and baked milk, vegetables β€” beet, cabbage, squash. These cats can also be given raw yolk every three days. Fish and smoked meat are forbidden in their diet. 

For having no problems with keeping a Russian Blue cat, you can buy it a multi-storey house. These pets like being walked on leash. That is why the breed can be kept either in a flat and in a private house.

Health and Illnesses

Russian Blue cats can live up to 20 years if treated well. Hereditary health issues are absent in these pets. The breed developed naturally. The most common health problems are gastritis and obesity. That is why the quality of their feed should be under control.

History of the Breed

The history of Russian Blue cats started in Great Britain. First cats were brought to England from Arkhangelsk. These pets quickly got adored by local people. Some of them lived with Queen Victoria. In 1875, Russian Blue cats were demonstrated at a show in the Crystal Palace under the name Β«ArchangelicΒ». 

In 1893, an English breeder Carew Cox decided to create a standard for Russian Blue cats. She went to Arkhangelsk and bought some blue-eyed cats. Because of not having enough cats of the needed breed, she bred Russian Blue cats with Siamese cats. It took Carew Cox 19 years to get official recognition for the breed. 

During the WWII, Russian Blue cats were on the edge of extinction. European breeders united to restore their population. They crossbred Russian Blue cats with: Siamese, British, and Oriental cats that had the same coat color. It affected personality and appearance of Russian Blue cats. They became nervous and loud. Because of that, English breeders stopped their work while American ones continued their experiments. That is how two standards β€” American and English β€” appeared. 

Russian Blue cats were brought to the Soviet Union in 1980. Because of their small population, Russian breeders started breeding these cats with local aboriginal pets that had blue coat color. In 1990, there were enough Russian Blue cats to be sold in all countries of Commonwealth of Independent States.