European shorthair cat

One of the most ancient domestic cat breeds. It originated from ancient Rome. It is an affectionate pet with hunting instincts.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
female: 4β€”5 kg
male: 5β€”7 kg
female: 26β€”28 cm
male: 27β€”30 cm
requires little time
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
3β€”6 kittens
in 20 century
Life span
Life span:
16β€”20 years


European Cats can quickly adapt to new circumstances. They have learned to do that after many centuries of practice. However, the most important thing for them is interaction with people. They are very loyal pets that love their owners and are ready to spend a lot of time with them. Meanwhile, European Cats are unobtrusive. They know how to keep the border between being affectionate and intrusive and do not require to be paid much attention to. These cats can be left on their own. Loneliness is not a problem for them.

These pets are active and playful. They like climbing on cupboards and shelves, using free space around them. European Cats like playing with children. They are very careful with newborns. These pets will never bite or scratch. However, they might have conflicts with other animals. European Cats are used to protecting their territory.

European Shorthair Cats are innate hunters. They like chasing mice and insects. It is not recommended to keep these pets with decorative animals.


European Shorthair Cats are of medium size. Their body is flexible and muscular. They do not look similar to any other cat breed. It is a natural breed that appeared without intervention of people to its gene code. 
Short and shiny, lays closely to the body. It has a thin undercoat.
All colors are acceptable, apart from chocolate, lilac, color-point, mink and sepia. Stripy pattern is the most common.
Big and wide. It is rounded, with well-developed cheeks. The nose is straight, of medium length. 
Big and rounded. Their color depends on the one of the coat. The most popular are orange, copper, yellow, walnut, green, blue green and blue.
Of medium size, wide-set, slightly rounded. Hair tufts might grow on tips. 
Flexible and muscular, proportional to body length.
Strong and muscular. Hind legs are longer than front ones.
Of medium length, wide at the base, gets thinner down to the tip.

Basic Care

European Shorthair Cats do not require much time to be groomed. Their hair needs to be brushed once a week. During the molting period β€” in spring and fall β€” twice a week, using a massage brush. Then pet your cat with wet hands to take off left hairs.

European Cats need to be given a bath only if they got dirty with something that cannot be licked off. Their long claws should be trimmed once in 2 weeks. Clean cat`s eyes and ears when needed. Their teeth have to be cleaned once in 2 weeks, using a special paste and a brush that can be put on a finger.

European Cats are not picky in what they eat. It is recommended to feed them with dry food of premium quality, containing a lot of animal proteins. Dry food of high quality contains vitamins and minerals, needed for cat`s health. 

European cats do not need much for comfortable life. They can be kept either in a flat or in a private house. These pets quickly adapt to new environment.

Health and Illnesses

European Shorthair Cats can live up to 20 years if treated well. They have a strong immune system, and hereditary health issues are absent. This is a breed of long-livers. However, if the cat walks outside β€” it needs to be vaccinated from rabies and worms in time. 

History of the Breed

European Domestic Cat got recognition back in Ancient Rome. Intelligence and hunting skills made them an addition to Roman legions around the whole empire. These pets were skillfully protecting food from rodents and other pests. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, European Cats were helping farmers protect fields and storehouses from rodents. 

Modern history of the breed started at the beginning of the 20th century. German, English and French felinilogists were breeding European Shorthair Cats from an ordinary European Domestic Cat. However, their methods were different. English breeders wanted to make cats large, with soft hair; German and French β€” small, with short hair. Some pets appeared in the USA. Eventually, American felinologists got American Shorthair Cat from the European Shorthair Cat.

Swedish breeders took development of the breed more seriously in 1946. They were registering new pets under the name β€œSwedish Domestic Cat”. Associations did not recognize the new breed as a separate one for a long time. At shows, these cats were judged according to standards of the British Shorthair Cat. Only in 1981, the FIFe divided the two breeds. One year later, it developed the modern standard of the European Shorthair Cat. As we can see, the breed is ancient and young at the same time.