Egyptian mau

A breed with a history that has last for thousands of years. It is a favourite breed of Egyptian pharaohs, which was believed to be sacred. It is an affectionate cat with an independent personality.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
female: 3β€”5 kg
male: 5β€”6 kg
female: 24β€”28 cm
male: 25β€”30 cm
requires little time
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
5β€”6 kittens
in 1 century
Life span
Life span:
14β€”16 years


Egyptian Maus are active, but well-balanced cats. They wake people up like an alarm clock. These pets help relax in the evening after a hard work day: they lay close by and purr. They like investigating everything around. When nobody is at home, Egyptian Maus will find something to do. There is no place in the house where a cat of this breed would not be able to get in. Thanks to their curiosity, Egyptian Maus can get easily through loneliness. This breed is perfect for busy people. However, it does not mean that these cats do not need to be paid attention.

Egyptian Maus like people. They do not get attached only to one person, but pay an equal amount of attention to everyone. If guests come to the house, cats of this breed will come up to each one of them, smell them, and maybe let them pet it. These friendly cats enjoy not only accepting affection, but also sharing it. Meanwhile, they do not like being intrusive: they rarely meow. Most often, Egyptian Maus simply purr.

Egyptian Maus get on well with other animals. Being dominant is not about cats of this breed. Because of hunter instincts, they cannot be kept together with decorative pets like hamsters, parrots, turtles or fish. A Egyptian Mau will become a close friend, that will never bite or scratch, for a child. Whenever the pet wants β€” it will play. If wants to leave a kid β€” it will do that. This breed is perfect for people looking for an unobtrusive family companion.


Egyptian Maus are of medium size. Their appearance is similar to the one of Abyssinian cats: they are graceful and muscular. Males are always  larger than females.
Short, lays closely to the body. It is shiny, feels soft when touched.
Three patterns are acceptable: silver with an ashy pattern, bronze with a chestnut pattern and smoky with a dark pattern. It is allowed for cats with silver and bronze coat colors to have hair ticking.
Wedge-shaped, proportional to body length, a marking in the shape of letter β€œM” has to be present on the forehead.
Big, almond-shaped, wide-set, green.
Of medium size, triangular-shaped, slightly leaning forward, hair tufts might grow on tips. Short hair grows in the auricle.
Short and muscular.
Hind legs are longer than front ones, muscular. Bones are strong.
Long, wide at the base, gets thinner down to the tip.

Basic Care

Egyptian Maus do not require much time to be groomed. Their short hair needs to be brushed once a week. During the molting period β€” in spring and fall β€” 2 times a week, using a soft brush. After the procedure, pet your cat with wet hands to take off left hairs.

Egyptian Maus do not need to be given a bath. These cats are neat. However, there is an exception: if the pet got dirty with something that cannot be licked off. Then, it can be either wiped with a wet towel, or given a bath. For this purpose, use special zoo-shampoos for shorthair pets. You cannot use shampoos, that people use, for animals. They damage pet`s hair structure by washing off the the shine and making hair stiff. After giving your pet a bath, use a hairdryer so that it does not get cold. Wipe its eyes when needed, using a piece of a wet fabric. Check your cat`s ears once a week and clean them when needed, using cotton pads soaked in a lotion. Clean your cat`s teeth twice a month, using a special brush and a zoo-paste. Trim its claws once a month. It is important to get your cat a claw point, so that it does not damage furniture and wallpapers. 

Egyptian Maus like eating. That is why their diet needs to be controlled. These cats can be fed with either dry food of premium quality, or with natural ingredients. You should take into consideration the fact that Egyptian Maus are prone to food allergies. If you feed the cat with something that it is not recommended to eat, it might get poisoned. That is why it is easier to get it some dry food of premium quality rather than build up a diet out of natural ingredients, which should include: not greasy meat β€” chicken, rabbit meat, boneless sea fish fillet; grains β€” buckwheat, oatmeal and rice; boiled vegetables β€” beet, broccoli, carrot and cabbage; fat free dairy products β€” cottage cheese and sour cream. Dry and natural food cannot change one another. Calculate the size of the portion following this formula: 90 Kcal equal 1 kg of body weight.

Health and Illnesses

Egyptian Maus can live up to 16 years if treated well. Their health is strong. There are no hereditary health problems present in cats of this breed. Earlier, these pets used to suffer from heart diseases and asthma. However, cat breeders changed that thanks to conducting a successful breeding work. The only problem left in Egyptian Maus is their likeness to developing allergies. That is why it is recommended to watch your pet`s diet and never let it walk outside. That is how it will not inhale dust and smoke.

History of the Breed

History of Egyptian Maus began long ago. Their ancestors lived in 4thβ€”5th centuries BC. African cats helped Egyptians fight against rodents and insects. For that, they were fed and given affection. That is how these pets got used to living with people in Egypt. As time passed, popularity on cats was rising. They started being idolized and considered sacred animals. Egyptians believed that the God of Sun Ra could transform into a cat. In the morning, he would climb up the sky, and in the evening β€” come back to Earth in order to fight the God of chaos named Apophis. Egyptians depicted Ra on papyri as a spotted cat that bites its opponent.

Before the beginning of the 1st century, the Goddess of happiness and love, named Bastet, was becoming the most appreciated one among Egyptians. She was depicted as a lady with a head of a cat. Because of it, popularity on cats increased. Pharaohs kept them. These pets could walk freely in holy places, and it was considered a sin to forbid cats do something. After death, cats would be mummified and buried in sarcophagi. Archaeologists found a cemetery where about 200 000 cat mummies had been buried.

The new history of the breed started at the beginning of the 20th century. European breeders became interested in Egyptian cats and started reviving their popularity. A French felinologist, named Marcel Rene, told about Egyptian cats in 1940. A rumor about Egyptian pets spread across Europe. Because of this, demand on them has grown. But because of WWII, cat breeding has been stopped. That is why representatives of the breed almost died out.

The breeding work was continued by a daughter of aw Russian princess Nadezhda Trubetskaya β€” Natalia Trubetskaya. In 1953, she emigrated to Italy. That is where she saw Egyptian cats. Amazed by their appearance, she bought three cats: two males and one female. After her cat gave birth, Natalia joined the FIFe association. That same year, her pets participated in a show in Rome. In 1956, Natalya emigrated to the USA with her pets. In 1958, she opened her own breeding place called Β«FatimaΒ». Cat owners, that became interested in the breed, started working on development of standards of Egyptian cats. They decided that the breed would only have 3 acceptable colors: smoky, bronze and silver.

In 1968, cats from the breeding place were divided into two lines: Egyptian and Indian. Some people believe that American Shorthair cats were used during the breeding process. That same year, the standard of the breed was accepted. In 1992, it was recognized by all felinological associations.