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Donskoy sphynx

A young breed which appeared as a result of a random mutation. It is a hairless cat that gets very attached to people and needs much attention.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Weight
Weight:
female: 3—5 kg
male: 4—7 kg
Height
Height:
female: 26—28 cm
male: 27—30 cm
Hair
Hair:
bald
Care
Care:
require average time
Lives
Lives:
inside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
2—4 kitten
Origin
Origin:
Russian Federation
in 1998
Life span
Life span:
12—15 years

Personality

Donskoy sphynx are emotionally vulnerable pets. Their appearance is opposite to their behavior. They might look aggressive, but actually have a very gentle personality. These pets get very attached to people and do not easily get through loneliness. They need a constant contact with someone. However, they also know how to keep distance. If a person is not in a good mood, Donskoy sphynx will support him, if the owner is busy — these pets will not be intrusive.

Donskoy sphynx cannot show aggression. On contrary, they should be protected from it. The get on well with other animals and like playing with children. They are curious pets that are interested in everything that is going on around. 

Donskoy cats are very smart. They can be trained to follow simple commands. However, it is important not to raise your voice at them. Stress affects health of pets in a negative way.

Appearance

Donskoy sphynx are of medium size, their body is muscular, hind legs are large.
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Elastic and wrinkly, especially on pits, forehead and chest. Adult cats might be covered with fine fluff. It is divided into four types: naked — the fluff is absent; flock — the coat is very short and thin; velour — the length of fluff is 2 mm, it falls out with age; brush — hair is long and stiff, the rarest type of coat.
All colors and patterns are acceptable.
Wedge-shaped, with prominent cheekbones and wrinkles on forehead. The muzzle is short, the chin is well-developed.
Wide, almond-shaped. 
Big and opened. They are set very high on the head and are slightly leaning forward. 
Long, of medium thickness.
Long, proportional to body length.
Long and flexible. It is thin at the base, gets thinner down to the tip.

Basic Care

Donskoy sphynx need much time and attention to be taken care of. The absence of hair leads to excessive sebum, because of which these cats sweat a lot. A brown plaque gets formed on their body. That is why skin of Donskoy sphynx needs to be wiped with a wet glove or a soft towel, soaked in warm water, daily. 

These hairless pets need to be given a bath two times a month, with a special shampoo for sensitive skin. Water temperature has to be 40C. It is required to add chamomile tea to water in order to prevent appearance of skin rushes. After washing your cat, gently wipe it with a towel and put it in a warm place. If a Donskoy sphynx is caught in a wind draft, it might get sick. Tail and spine of a Donskoy sphynx need to be moisturized with a ph-lotion, so that acne do not appear on them. These cats do not have eyelashes, that is why their eyes need to be wiped every day so that they do not get rotten. Big ears of Donskoy sphynx should be cleaned once a week. 

Donskoy sphynx spend much energy on heat exchange in their body. They have a very quick metabolism and, therefore, eat a lot. These cats need to be fed 3–4 times a day. Their diet has to include a lot of proteins. It is recommended to feed Donskoy sphynx with: not greasy meat — chicken or beef; boiled fish fillet; fat free dairy products; grains and boiled vegetables. Egg yolk can be given once a week. If you choose to feed your cat with dry food, it needs to be of high quality. It is important not to mix natural and dry food in one portion. 

Donskoy sphynx need warmth for comfortable living. They enjoy laying in the Sun. It is important to make sure your pet does not get overheated, and put some sunscreen on its skin. Donskoy sphynx are also very sensitive to coldness. That is why it is important to make sure they are not caught in wind drafts. Place for sleeping of these pets needs to be warm and cozy.

Health and Illnesses

Donskoy sphynx can live up to 15 years if treated well. Their health is strong, but some hereditary health issues are present in this breed. The most problematic parts of their body are skin and eyes.

Donskoy sphynx are born with opened eyes that need to be paid much attention to. The most common eye disorder is microphthalmos. It makes cat`s eyeballs smaller is size. It can be cured, but only with a surgical correction. 

Eczema often appears on skin of Donskoy sphynx. It is a disease of upper skin layers. Skin of pets gets covered with bubbles, filled with liquid, and peels off. If your cat gets eczema, it is important not to cure it yourself, but to consult a vet as soon as possible.

Sometimes, Donskoy sphynx are born with a crooked spine in the tail region. Female`s nipples might bend and cysts in mammary glands might get formed.

History of the Breed

History of Donskoy sphynx began in 1988 in Rostov-on-Don. A lady living in the city, named Elena Kovaleva, accidentally found a hairless kitten. She took it to vets, but nobody could explain why it had no hair while no skin diseases were present.

Some time later, the kitten named Varvara got to a felinoligist Irina Nemikina. She decided to crossbreed it with her cat. In 1990, Varvara gave birth to hairless kittens. The breeder left one of them to herself. Irina Nemikina called the kitten Cheetah and crossbred it with a European shorthair cat. The newly born kittens only had hair on legs. Some time later, the breeder decided to conduct an experiment. She bred Cheetah with a cat it gave birth to. As a result, one of the kittens was born completely hairless. It was named Basia Myth. He became the first representative of the breed — the Donskoy sphynx.

In 1997, the breed was accepted by the WCF. It affected its popularity worldwide. To make their gene pool bigger, Donskoy sphynx started being actively crossbred with European shorthair cats. Three years later, it became forbidden to crossbred Donskoy sphynx with other breeds.