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Chartreux

A breed originating from France. It is a calm and friendly cat that can easily get through being lonely.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Weight
Weight:
female: 3—5 kg
male: 5—7 kg
Height
Height:
female: 25 cm
male: 30 cm
Hair
Hair:
smooth
Care
Care:
requires little time
Lives
Lives:
inside
outside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
5—6 kittens
Origin
Origin:
France
in 20 century
Life span
Life span:
12—15 years

Personality

The Chartreux is an unintrusive and calm cat breed. These pets do not need much attention and get easily through loneliness. This breed is perfect for busy people. When the owner is not at home, the cat will do its own things and simply wait for the person`s return. Chartreux cats are very affectionate. They do not choose a favourite person from the family, but demonstrate love to all group members. Chartreux cats show their feelings calmly. Loud meowing is not about this breed.

Chartreux cats are smart and observant pets. They can: turn the lights off, open doors, bring toys. These cats can understand and feel people. They will never break rules that have been set in the house. Intelligent manners will not let Chartreux cats damage furniture and wallpapers.

Chartreux cats are frienldy to other cats and dogs.They will never be the first to start a conflict, but losing is also not about them. If a fight starts, Chartreux cats will participate in it until the end. They are good hunters. It is better not to keep small pets like rodents, parrots, and fish, together with cats of this breed.

Appearance

Chartreux cats are large pets. Their body is graceful and muscular. 
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Short and thick. Feels plushy when touched.
All shades of blue. The most common color tone is blue-gray. 
Large, with thick cheeks. The skull is of trapezoidal shape.
Wide and round. Their color is always copper.
Small, with rounded tips. They are set highly on the head, at right angles.  
Short and muscular.
Short, with well-developed muscles.
Proportional to body length. It is wide at the base, gets thinner down to the tip.  

Basic Care

Chartreux cats do not need much time to be groomed. They need to be brushed once a week. During the moulting time — in spring and fall — two times a week. The undercoat needs to be brushed with a slicker, hair — with a metal bristle brush. 

These pets are neat. You do not need to give them a bath very often. It is enough to do that once every few months. Chartreux cats should be washed with shampoos for short-haired breeds. Then dry them with a hair-dryer. Claws of these pets need to be trimmed once a month. You should definitely buy a claw-point, so that your cat does not damage furniture and wallpapers. Eyes and ears need to be cleaned with cotton pads when they get dirty. For their cleaning, buy a special liquid in a pet store. Brush your cat`s teeth once a month with a special paste. Put the paste on a brush that can be worn on a finger. You can also use a regular toothbrush.

Chartreux cats are prone to obesity. They enjoy eating, but do not like moving. That is why their diet needs to be well-balanced. It is better to feed these pets with dry food of premium quality. It includes vitamins, microelements and minerals needed for your cat`s health. The natural diet should not contain a lot of carbohydrates. You can feed the Chartreux cat with: boiled and not greasy meat — chicken, beef, turkey; vegetables — zucchini, squash, cauliflower; fat free dairy products — kefir, baked milk. Portions need to be small. It is better to feed your cat with small amounts of food, but few times a day.

Health and Illnesses

Chartreux cats can live up to 15 years if treated well. Because of natural origination, these pets have strong health. No hereditary health issues are present in this breed. Main problems occur with joints and bones. 

Hip dysplasia destroys a bone in a particular part of pelvis and softens tissues of cartilages. Muscles of pelvis stop being fibrous. Osteoarthritis starts developing. If your cats limps and stops being active — you should consult a vet.

Chartreux cats are also prone to gingivitis. Because of skull structure, these pet`s canine teeth are located close to one another, and other teeth push them out. As a result, plaque and tartar appear. If tartar is not removed in time, your Chartreux cat might loose teeth. That is why mouth of the pet needs to be checked weekly.

History of the Breed

Ancestors of Chartreux cats lived in countries of the Middle East — Syria, Iran and Anatolia. These cats were brought to Europe during the Crusades. The Chartreux is one of the first cat breeds that started being developed in Europe.

The history of the breed began in France in the 16th century. In those times, Cartesians lived on a French territory. It was a monastic order of the Roman Catholic Church, established in 1084. The first monastery was built in the Chartreuse Mountains, near the town called Grenoble. Members of the order believed: «Distant form all, but being in connection with all, we represent all to the Living God». 

Life of local monks was nothing special. In free time, they cooked, washed clothes and did charity work. They were making money for living by producing liquor from wild herbs — chartreuse. They took short-haired cats to live with them, so that rodents would not eat grain stocks and ingredients for the beverage. 

Hunter instincts of these pets helped monks get rid of rodents. Cartesians started developing the breed. Cats lived with them until the 17th century, when the order lost its authority because of religious conflicts. Eventually, Chartreux cats moved to local French people and gained much popularity. One representative of the breed became the favourite pet of general Charles de Gaulle. A cat named Gris-Gris drew his attention by being smart and good-mannered. 

When WWI started, the breed was at the edge of extinction. Having looked through ancient records, felinologists developed the standard of the breed. In 1931, first Chartreux cats participated in a show of French cats. They got a title «Best breed of the show». In 1939, an official standard of the breed was accepted. 

The breed appeared at the edge of extinction again during WWII. To restore the breed, cat owners started crossbreeding Chartreux cats with British Shorthair, Persian and Russian Blue cats. This made appearance of Chartreux cats look similar to one of British cats. In 1970, the FIFe united them into one standard. It caused a lot of arguments and conflicts. In 1977, cat owners finally achieved the distinction between breeds. Today, Chartreux cats are a symbol of France. It is one of the most famous French breeds.