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Burmese cat

A young breed from Western Asia. Because of getting very attached to people, it is called a “dog-cat”.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Weight
Weight:
female: 3—5 kg
male: 5—8 kg
Height
Height:
female: 25 cm
male: 30 cm
Hair
Hair:
smooth
Care
Care:
requires little time
Lives
Lives:
inside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
2—3 kitten
Origin
Origin:
Myanmar
in 12 century
Life span
Life span:
10—15 years

Personality

Burmese cats are sweet and loyal. They get very attached to their owner and always want attention. These pets like following their owners and participating in all family activities. It is important for them to have a physical contact with people. When an opportunity appears, this cat will lay on your legs, rub against your ankles and purr. That`s why burmese cats are compared to dogs. This breed is not for people who don`t appear at home often. 

Burmese cats can feel the person`s mood. If the owner does not feel well, they will lay close by and purr. Cat`s big eyes and loud meowing will make your mood better after a long workday. It is interesting to know that males equally like all members of the family. Females choose one person they get attached the most to.

Burmese cats are active pets. Playing is their favourite thing to do. On rare occasions can they be seen calm. Each game of Burmese cats is like a long show. Their playfulness remains until they get very old. 

Burmese cats are smart and can be trained. Because of their intelligence, these pats understand basic commands like «sit down», «lay down», «no» etc. Burmese cats are calm and good-tempered with animals and kids. While playing with a child, this cat will never show aggression. On the contrary, it will be initiative to play. That`s why parents should not worry about their child and a burmese cat.

Appearance

Burmese cats are of medium size. Their body is muscular, bones are strong. Two types of burmese cats are registered: European and American.
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Short and thin. There is no undercoat. Feels silky. Looks shiny when the cat moves.
Accepted colors are: sable, blue, chocolate, platinum, lilac, tortoiseshell, creamy, red. The upper part of the body is darker in both types of burmese cats, no matter what the coat color is.
European burmese cats have a wedge-shaped head, while head of the American one is wider. 
Big, wide-set. Their eyes can shine in all tints of yellow.
Small, wide-set, rounded at tips.
Long and muscular.
Of medium length, thin.
Of medium length, wide at the base, gets thinner down to the tip.

Basic Care

Burmese cats do not need much time to be groomed. Their short hair should be brushed once a week. During the periods of fall and spring moulting — brush it two times a week, soft brush. Then walk over the body with wet hands to remove the remaining hairs.

Burmese cats are neat. They should not be given a bath too often. It is enough to wash them once every few months with a shampoo for short-haired breeds. Their eyes and ears need to be cleaned once a week. Buy a claw-point so that your cat does not damage furniture and wallpapers. 

Burmese cats should be fed with high quality feed. It contains vitamins and minerals needed for you cat`s health. Natural ingredients that can be given to these cats include: chicken, beef, eggs, boiled fish, dairy products, and porridge. Do not give them fried, spicy food, pork and mushrooms.

For a comfortable life, the Burmese cat needs human contact. Due to the flat nasal septum, these pets are sensitive to cold and heat. Therefore, it is important to ensure that the Burmese does not overheat and does not lie in drafts.

Health and Illnesses

Burmese cats can live up to 15 years if treated well. Their health is strong. No hereditary health issues are present. However, there are some pathologies that should be taken into consideration. Because of shortened nose, burmese cats have problems with breathing and teardrop. If their eyes constantly get wet, they should be washed with solutions from herbal extracts of plants. 

Burmese cats are prone to such health issues: diabetes and hypokalemia. To prevent diabetes, do not give burmese cats anything sweet and floury. 

Hypokalemia is a low level of potassium in blood of the pet. You should take your pet to a vet regularly to control health of your burmese cat.

Burmese cats like warmth. Cold wind and temperature changes can negatively affect their health.

History of the Breed

Ancestors of burmese cats are first mentioned in the 12th century. First representatives of the breed are described in books of Siamese painters. Their appearance is similar to one of modern burmese cats. At those times, burmese cats were compared to saints. They lived in temples with monks who believed that these cats can help its owner`s soul reach peace. 

In 1930, a burmese cat appeared in the USA. A breeder of Siamese cats, Joseph Thompson, was given a kitten named Wong Mau from Birma. Joseph became interested in the appearance of the cat and decided to work on its breeding. He asked felinoligsts from a Californian university to help him with this work.

In 1934, the first standard for this breed appeared. In 1936, it was registered by an American association called CFA. To popularize burmese cats, felinologists decided to breed them with Siamese cats and other pets. As a result, a lot of mestizos were born. In 1947, CFA stopped their registration. According to new rules, the lineage of each kitten has to include at least three purebred generations.

The breed`s revival started in 1957. In 1959, the UBCF organization created a new standard for the breed.

The burmese cat appeared in Europe in 1949. Having impressed British people, the breed got widely accepted. To popularize burmese cats, felinologists decided to breed them with Siamese cats. This led to differences between American and English burmese cats. That is how a European standard for the breed appeared. Today, CFA does not accept the European burmese cat, while GCCF does not accept the American one. It is forbidden to breed two standards of burmese cats.