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American wirehair cat

A variety of the American Shorthair Cat. It got its name thanks to its behavior and appearance.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
Intelligence
Health
Independence
Popularity
Care
Weight
Weight:
female: 3β€”5 kg
male: 5β€”7 kg
Height
Height:
female: 25β€”28 cm
male: 25β€”30 cm
Hair
Hair:
smooth
Care
Care:
requires little time
Lives
Lives:
inside
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
2β€”5 kittens
Origin
Origin:
United States
in 1966
Life span
Life span:
14β€”16 years

Personality

American Wirehair Cats are sociable and energetic. They will not calmly lay in one place. They need much free space and a lot of toys. These pets get very attached to people and do not get easily through loneliness. American Wirehair Cats are so emotionally vulnerable, that life without the owner badly affects their health. That is why this breed is not for busy people.

American Wirehair Cats can be kept by families with small children. These pets never show aggression. They get on well with strangers and other animals, even with rodents. However, a cat that has not been castrated might start conflicts and try to be dominant on its territory. This fact should be taken into consideration by people who want to have one more pet.

Appearance

American Wirehair Cats are of medium size. Their body is muscular. They look similar to American Shorthair Cats. 
Color
Color
Hair
Hair
Head
Head
Eyes
Eyes
Ears
Ears
Neck
Neck
Paws
Paws
Paws
Tail
Because of a genetic mutation, it is short and springy. Each hair is stiff, curved or rolled up. Hairs can be divided into 3 types: twisted down, awn and guard. 
Solid colors include: black, red, blue and creamy. Less common colors are: chinchilla, cameo, silver and bluish. Bicolor patterns include: tabby, brown shades, combinations with white. 
Wide, rounded. The nose is of medium length. The side view is curved, with a distinctive transition from the forehead to the nose. 
Big and wide. Their color always corresponds to the coat color. 
Of medium size. They are wide at the base, with rounded tips.
Wide and muscular. It is short in length.
Strong and muscular, of medium length. 
Proportional to body length. It is wide at the base, with curved tip. 

Basic Care

American Wirehair Cats do not require much time to be groomed. Their stiff hair needs to be brushed once a week with a special comb. Then pet your cat with wet hands to take off left hairs. If you do not do it β€” irritation might appear. 

You should give American Wirehair Cats a bath very rarely. Constant contact with water damages their hair structure. It is enough to wash them twice a year, using a special shampoo. Common remedies damage hair structure and cause irritation. You do not need to brush these pets after giving them a bath. They need to dry themselves. It is important to maintain the natural structure of their hair. Teeth and ears should be cleaned once a month. Wipe cat`s eyes when needed. It is crucial to buy a claw-point so that the pet does not damage furniture.

American Wirehair Cats are not picky in what they eat. They can be fed with either high-quality dry feed or natural food. Feeds of premium quality contain vitamins and minerals, needed for pet`s health. Such natural ingredients can be given to the cat: chicken, beef, sea fish, grains, vegetables and fat free dairy products. Natural and dry food can change one another. However, it is important not to mix them into one portion, and to control the size of each portion. These pets are prone to obesity.

American Wirehair Cats need much free space for comfortable life. They feel nice living inside and will not have a desire to go outside.

Health and Illnesses

American Wirehair Cats can live up to 16 years if treated well. Hereditary health problems are absent in this breed. It is important to keep an eye on cat`s skin. It is very sensitive. If a wound appeared on it, it needs to be sanitized. Otherwise, eczema might develop. 

Eczema is an inflammation of upper skin layers. A rash, that causes suppuration, appears on cat`s skin. The main symptom of eczema is itching. If a cat starts scratching itself often β€” you should take it to a vet.

History of the Breed

The first American Wirehair kitten was born in 1966 in New York. It appeared as a result of a natural mutation. It was bought by a local owner of American Shorthair Cars named Joan O’Shea. She wanted to develop a new breed.

Some time later, Joan figured out it was a dominant mutation, and the development of the new breed was possible. Examples of a unique fur were sent for examination. Results confirmed its genetic feature. As a result of crossbreeding American Wirehair and American Shorthair cats, kittens of 2 types are born: some with short hair, others β€” with stiff hair.

The breed was described in 1979. One year later, all international associations, apart from GCCF and FIFe, accepted it. Today, American Wirehair is considered one of the rarest cat breeds in the world.