American curl

A breed of cats that have curled back ears. It is a calm and loyal cat that needs much attention from people.

Energy level
Level of affection
Level of friendliness
female: 3—4 kg
male: 4—5 kg
female: 28 cm
male: 30 cm
require average time
Gives birth to
Gives birth to:
3—5 kittens
United States
in 1981
Life span
Life span:
15 years


American Curl cats are loyal pets. It is important for them to get attention and affection. The cat needs to feel that it is part of the family. Meanwhile, being intrusive is not about American Curl cats. They are curious and enjoy participating in family activities. These pets do not get easily through loneliness. Because of not being close to the owner for a long time, these cats might develop problems with the nervous system. This breed is not for busy people.

These Pets easily adapt to new conditions. Moving is not a problem for them. Curls are very quiet cats. They easily find a common language with other animals. It is not typical for them to show aggression. On the contrary, they like to play. Therefore, the child will have fun and interesting time with the pet.

American Curl cats are smart and can be trained. However, it should be remembered that they are not dogs. If the pet does not understand something, you need to be patient and persistent. American Curl cats can learn such commands as «sit down», «come here», «no». It is important to praise your cat for completing commands. Pet`s age should be taken into consideration. It is harder to train an older cat than a kitten.


American Curl cats are of medium size. Their body is flexible and muscular. Pets of this breed reach maturity when they turn 2—3 years old.
There are 2 types of American Curl cats: those that are short-haired, and those that are semi-long-haired. Their hair structures are similar — it feels soft and silky when touched. They only differ in length and in the undercoat volume.
All colors are acceptable.
Small, wedge-shaped.
Big, set obliquely, almond-shaped. Their color does not depend on the coat color.
Curled back under the angle of 90°.
Wide and muscular.
Of medium length, muscular, rounded.
Proportional to body length. It is wide at the base, with a pointed tip. 

Basic Care

American Curl cats do not require much time to be groomed. Short-haired pets need to be brushed once a week, semi-long-haired ones — twice a week. During the molting period — in spring and fall — every day. No matter what the length of pet`s hair is, American Curl cats molt profusely. Then pet your cat with wet hands to take off left hairs.

Short-haired Curl cats need to be given a bath twice a year, semi-long-haired ones — once in 3 months, using a special shampoo. Their teeth should be cleaned few times a week, using a special brush. Clean pet`s ears carefully when needed, using cotton pads. Claws of American Curl cats grow fast. You need to trim them once a week, cutting off 2–3 mm of their length. It is important to buy a claw-point so that your cat does not damage any furniture. 

It is recommended to feed American Curl cats only with dry food of high quality. You can also give them natural ingredients. Focus on not greasy meat — chicken, beef and rabbit meat. Such products can be added to the diet: oatmeal and rice; fat free dairy products. You can either boil or stew vegetables. A kitten under the age of 6 months needs to eat 4 times a day; after it turns 1 year old — 3 times a day. An adult cat has to eat twice a day: in the morning and in the evening.

American Curl cats do not need any special conditions for comfortable life. They can adapt well. These pets can be easily let go outside. However, do not let them out when it is cold there. This is especially important for short-haired cats. It is recommended to create a play area in the house, so that the pet has a place where it could share its energy.

Health and Illnesses

American Curl cats can live up to 15 years if treated well. Hereditary health problems are absent in this breed.

History of the Breed

History of American Curl cats started in 1981. In a city of Lakewood, California, Joe and Grace found a cat with unusual ears in a street. They took it home and named it Shulamith. One year later, Shulamith gave birth to first kittens with ears, curled back. Having noticed this feature, the couple consulted geneticists. A famous English felinologist-geneticist Roy Robinson became interested in those kittens. Having conducted an analysis, he came to a conclusion that curled back ears are a result of a genetic mutation. The expert pointed out the fact that the gene was dominant. That meant that after mating with cats of other breeds, newborn kittens would still have curled back ears.

The breed started developing and gaining popularity. In 1987, TICA officially accepted semi-long-haired Curl cats, and in 1991 — short-haired cats.